3d Film Zusammenfassung
Ein 3D-Film ist ein Film, der dem Zuschauer durch stereoskopische Verfahren ein bewegtes Bild mit einem Tiefeneindruck für stereoskopisches Sehen vermittelt. 3D-Filme mit besonderen Spezialeffekten werden manchmal aus Marketinggründen als 4D-Filme. Ein 3D-Film (3-D-Film, dreidimensionaler Film, korrekter stereoskopischer Film oder veraltet Raumfilm) ist ein Film, der dem Zuschauer durch stereoskopische. Die Liste von 3D-Filmen enthält Filme in 3D. In verschiedenen deutschen und internationalen Freizeitparks gibt es als Attraktion auch Kurzfilme in 3D mit. 3D-Filme mit besonderen Spezialeffekten werden manchmal aus Marketinggründen als 4D-Filme bezeichnet. Die Aufnahme eines 3D-Films erfolgt mittels. , Drachenreiter, CGI-Animation, Constantin Film, in 3D produziert. Wonder Woman 3D - Logo, , Wonder Woman , 3D Realfilm.
Online-Shopping mit großer Auswahl im DVD & Blu-ray Shop. Genre: Action; Altersfreigabe (FSK): Ab 12 Jahren; Datenträger: 3D Blu-ray (+2D); Gesamtlaufzeit: Min. Darsteller: Chris Hemsworth, Downey Jr., Mark. Ein 3D-Film ist ein Film, der dem Zuschauer durch stereoskopische Verfahren ein bewegtes Bild mit einem Tiefeneindruck für stereoskopisches Sehen vermittelt. 3D-Filme mit besonderen Spezialeffekten werden manchmal aus Marketinggründen als 4D-Filme.
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Star Wars: El ascenso de Skywalker. Patria Miniserie de TV. Steven Knight. Space Force Serie de TV. Rodrigo Sorogoyen.
The Vast of Night. Andrew Patterson. David Fincher. El robo del siglo. Ariel Winograd. No dejes rastro. Debra Granik. Perdida Serie de TV.
Julio Medem. Hotel Bombay. Anthony Maras. Miguel Courtois. Christopher Nolan. Dark Serie de TV. Salvador Calvo.
En casa Serie de TV. Julius Avery. La casa torcida. The 3D version was solely release in Imax theaters. The film was converted from 2D into 3D in post production.
No other animation films have released solely in 3D since. The first 3D feature by DreamWorks Animation , Monsters vs Aliens , followed in and used a new digital rendering process called InTru3D , which was developed by Intel to create more realistic animated 3D images.
In the case of 2D CGI animated films that were generated from 3D models, it is possible to return to the models to generate a 3D version.
For all other 2D films, different techniques must be employed. For example, for the 3D re-release of the film The Nightmare Before Christmas , Walt Disney Pictures scanned each original frame and manipulated them to produce left-eye and right-eye versions.
Dozens of films have now been converted from 2D to 3D. There are several approaches used for 2D to 3D conversion , most notably depth-based methods.
However, conversion to 3D has problems. Information is unavailable as 2D does not have information for a perspective view.
Usually, on high frame rate content and on some slower processors even normal frame rate the processor is not fast enough and lag is possible.
This can lead to strange visual effects. Anaglyph images were the earliest method of presenting theatrical 3D, and the one most commonly associated with stereoscopy by the public at large, mostly because of non-theatrical 3D media such as comic books and 3D television broadcasts, where polarization is not practical.
They were made popular because of the ease of their production and exhibition. The first anaglyph film was invented in by Edwin S Porter.
Though the earliest theatrical presentations were done with this system, most 3D films from the s and s were originally shown polarized. In an anaglyph, the two images are superimposed in an additive light setting through two filters, one red and one cyan.
In a subtractive light setting, the two images are printed in the same complementary colors on white paper.
Glasses with colored filters in each eye separate the appropriate images by canceling the filter color out and rendering the complementary color black.
Anaglyph images are much easier to view than either parallel sighting or crossed eye stereograms , although the latter types offer bright and accurate color rendering, particularly in the red component, which is muted, or desaturated with even the best color anaglyphs.
A compensating technique, commonly known as Anachrome, uses a slightly more transparent cyan filter in the patented glasses associated with the technique.
Process reconfigures the typical anaglyph image to have less parallax. An alternative to the usual red and cyan filter system of anaglyph is ColorCode 3-D , a patented anaglyph system which was invented in order to present an anaglyph image in conjunction with the NTSC television standard, in which the red channel is often compromised.
ColorCode uses the complementary colors of yellow and dark blue on-screen, and the colors of the glasses' lenses are amber and dark blue.
The polarization 3D system has been the standard for theatrical presentations since it was used for Bwana Devil in ,  though early Imax presentations were done using the eclipse system and in the s and s classic 3D films were sometimes converted to anaglyph for special presentations.
The polarization system has better color fidelity and less ghosting than the anaglyph system. In the post-'50s era, anaglyph has been used instead of polarization in feature presentations where only part of the film is in 3D such as in the 3D segment of Freddy's Dead: The Final Nightmare and the 3D segments of Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over.
Anaglyph is also used in printed materials and in 3D television broadcasts where polarization is not practical. To present a stereoscopic motion picture, two images are projected superimposed onto the same screen through different polarizing filters.
As each filter passes only that light which is similarly polarized and blocks the light polarized differently, each eye sees a different image.
This is used to produce a three-dimensional effect by projecting the same scene into both eyes, but depicted from slightly different perspectives.
Since no head tracking is involved, the entire audience can view the stereoscopic images at the same time. Circular polarization has an advantage over linear polarization, in that the viewer does not need to have their head upright and aligned with the screen for the polarization to work properly.
With linear polarization, turning the glasses sideways causes the filters to go out of alignment with the screen filters causing the image to fade and for each eye to see the opposite frame more easily.
For circular polarization, the polarizing effect works regardless of how the viewer's head is aligned with the screen such as tilted sideways, or even upside down.
The left eye will still only see the image intended for it, and vice versa, without fading or crosstalk.
Nonetheless, 3D cinema films are made to be viewed without head tilt, and any significant head tilt will result in incorrect parallax and prevent binocular fusion.
In the case of RealD a circularly polarizing liquid crystal filter which can switch polarity times per second is placed in front of the projector lens.
Only one projector is needed, as the left and right eye images are displayed alternately. Optical attachments can be added to traditional 35mm projectors to adapt them for projecting film in the "over-and-under" format, in which each pair of images is stacked within one frame of film.
The two images are projected through different polarizers and superimposed on the screen. This is a very cost-effective way to convert a theater for 3-D as all that is needed are the attachments and a non-depolarizing screen surface, rather than a conversion to digital 3-D projection.
Thomson Technicolor currently produces an adapter of this type. Polarized stereoscopic pictures have been around since , when Edwin H.
Land first applied it to motion pictures. The so-called "3-D movie craze" in the years through was almost entirely offered in theaters using linear polarizing projection and glasses.
Only a minute amount of the total 3D films shown in the period used the anaglyph color filter method.
Linear polarization was likewise used with consumer level stereo projectors. Polarization was also used during the 3D revival of the s.
In the s, computer animation , competition from DVDs and other media, digital projection, and the use of sophisticated IMAX 70mm film projectors, have created an opportunity for a new wave of polarized 3D films.
All types of polarization will result in a darkening of the displayed image and poorer contrast compared to non-3D images.
Light from lamps is normally emitted as a random collection of polarizations, while a polarization filter only passes a fraction of the light.
As a result, the screen image is darker. This darkening can be compensated by increasing the brightness of the projector light source.
If the initial polarization filter is inserted between the lamp and the image generation element, the light intensity striking the image element is not any higher than normal without the polarizing filter, and overall image contrast transmitted to the screen is not affected.
In this technology, a mechanism is used to block light from each appropriate eye when the converse eye's image is projected on the screen.
The technology originated with the Eclipse Method, in which the projector alternates between left and right images, and opens and closes the shutters in the glasses or viewer in synchronization with the images on the screen.
Glasses containing liquid crystal that will let light through in synchronization with the images on the cinema, television or computer screen, using the concept of alternate-frame sequencing.
A drawback of this method is the need for each person viewing to wear expensive, electronic glasses that must be synchronized with the display system using a wireless signal or attached wire.
The shutter-glasses are heavier than most polarized glasses, though lighter models are no heavier than some sunglasses or deluxe polarized glasses.
Liquid crystal light valves work by rotating light between two polarizing filters. Due to these internal polarizers, LCD shutter-glasses darken the display image of any LCD, plasma, or projector image source, which has the result that images appear dimmer and contrast is lower than for normal non-3D viewing.
This is not necessarily a usage problem; for some types of displays which are already very bright with poor grayish black levels , LCD shutter glasses may actually improve the image quality.
Dolby 3D uses specific wavelengths of red, green, and blue for the right eye, and different wavelengths of red, green, and blue for the left eye.
Glasses which filter out the very specific wavelengths allow the wearer to see a 3D image. This technology eliminates the expensive silver screens required for polarized systems such as RealD , which is the most common 3D display system in theaters.
It does, however, require much more expensive glasses than the polarized systems. It is also known as spectral comb filtering or wavelength multiplex visualization.
The use of more spectral bands per eye eliminates the need to color process the image, required by the Dolby system. Evenly dividing the visible spectrum between the eyes gives the viewer a more relaxed "feel" as the light energy and color balance is nearly Like the Dolby system, the Omega system can be used with white or silver screens.
But it can be used with either film or digital projectors, unlike the Dolby filters that are only used on a digital system with a color correcting processor provided by Dolby.
Omega Optical's 3D system contains projection filters and 3D glasses. In addition to the passive stereoscopic 3D system, Omega Optical has produced enhanced anaglyph 3D glasses.
In this method, glasses are not necessary to see the stereoscopic image. Lenticular lens and parallax barrier technologies involve imposing two or more images on the same sheet, in narrow, alternating strips, and using a screen that either blocks one of the two images' strips in the case of parallax barriers or uses equally narrow lenses to bend the strips of image and make it appear to fill the entire image in the case of lenticular prints.
To produce the stereoscopic effect, the person must be positioned so that one eye sees one of the two images and the other sees the other.
Both images are projected onto a high-gain, corrugated screen which reflects light at acute angles. In order to see the stereoscopic image, the viewer must sit within a very narrow angle that is nearly perpendicular to the screen, limiting the size of the audience.
Lenticular was used for theatrical presentation of numerous shorts in Russia from —  and in for the feature-length film Robinson Crusoe.
Though its use in theatrical presentations has been rather limited, lenticular has been widely used for a variety of novelty items and has even been used in amateur 3D photography.
Other examples for this technology include autostereoscopic LCD displays on monitors, notebooks, TVs, mobile phones and gaming devices, such as the Nintendo 3DS.
Some viewers have complained of headaches and eyestrain after watching 3D films. There are two primary effects of 3D film that are unnatural for human vision: crosstalk between the eyes, caused by imperfect image separation, and the mismatch between convergence and accommodation, caused by the difference between an object's perceived position in front of or behind the screen and the real origin of that light on the screen.
This nullifies or greatly decreases immersion effects of digital stereo to them. It has recently been discovered that each of the rods and cones in animal eyes can measure the distance to the point on the object that is in focus at the particular rod or cone.
The lens selects the point on the object for each pixel to which the distance is measured; that is, humans can see in 3D separately with each eye.
The French National Research Agency ANR has sponsored multidisciplinary research in order to understand the effects of 3D film viewing, its grammar, and its acceptance.
After Toy Story , there were 10 really bad CG movies because everybody thought the success of that film was CG and not great characters that were beautifully designed and heartwarming.
Now, you've got people quickly converting movies from 2D to 3D, which is not what we did. They're expecting the same result, when in fact they will probably work against the adoption of 3D because they'll be putting out an inferior product.
Most of the cues required to provide humans with relative depth information are already present in traditional 2D films. For example, closer objects occlude further ones, distant objects are desaturated and hazy relative to near ones, and the brain subconsciously "knows" the distance of many objects when the height is known e.
In fact, only two of these depth cues are not already present in 2D films: stereopsis or parallax and the focus of the eyeball accommodation.
However, promising results from research aimed at overcoming this shortcoming were presented at the Stereoscopic Displays and Applications conference in San Jose, U.
Film critic Mark Kermode  argued that 3D adds "not that much" value to a film, and said that, while he liked Avatar , the many impressive things he saw in the film had nothing to do with 3D.
Kermode has been an outspoken critic of 3D film describing the effect as a "nonsense" and recommends using two right or left lenses from the 3D glasses to cut out the "pointy, pointy 3D stereoscopic vision", although this technique still does not improve the huge brightness loss from a 3D film.
The depth perception this affords is only noticeable near to the head — at about arms length. It is only useful for such tasks as threading a needle.
It follows that in films portraying real life, where nothing is ever shown so close to the camera, the 3D effect is not noticeable and is soon forgotten as the film proceeds.
Director Christopher Nolan has criticised the notion that traditional film does not allow depth perception, saying "I think it's a misnomer to call it 3D versus 2D.
The whole point of cinematic imagery is it's three dimensional Late film critic Roger Ebert repeatedly criticized 3D film as being "too dim", sometimes distracting or even nausea-inducing, and argued that it is an expensive technology that adds nothing of value to the film-going experience since 2-D films already provide a sufficient illusion of 3D.
Some of this loss may be compensated by running the projector's bulb at higher power or using more powerful bulbs. As of [update] , there is no official standard for 3D brightness.
According to the industry de facto standard, however, the "acceptable brightness range" goes as low as 3.
Among others, Christopher Nolan has criticized the huge brightness loss: "You're not that aware of it because once you're 'in that world,' your eye compensates, but having struggled for years to get theaters up to the proper brightness, we're not sticking polarized filters in everything.
Another major criticism is that many of the films in the 21st century to date were not filmed in 3D, but converted into 3-D after filming.
Filmmakers who have criticized the quality of this process include James Cameron whose film Avatar was created mostly in 3D from the ground up, with some portions of the film created in 2D,  and is largely credited with the revival of 3D and Michael Bay.
In contrast, computer-animated films for which the original computer models are still available can be rendered in 3D easily, as the depth information is still available and does not need to be inferred or approximated.
This has been done with Toy Story , among others. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about motion pictures that enhance the illusion of depth perception, as opposed to the traditional motion pictures displayed on flat 2D screens.
For motion pictures created using 3D modeling software , see computer-generated imagery. For motion pictures created using stereophotogrammetry, see volumetric video.
Film made in three dimensions. Cinematography Principal photography Videography Shooting script Film inventory report Daily call sheet Production report Daily production report Daily progress report Daily editor log Sound report Cost report.
Distribution Film release wide limited delayed. Related topics. Film history Filmography Guerrilla filmmaking. See also. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
See also: Stereoscopy. Main article: Stereo photography techniques. Main article: 2D to 3D conversion. See also: 3D television and 3D Display.
Main article: Anaglyph 3D. Main article: Polarized 3D system. Main article: Active shutter 3D system. Main article: Autostereoscopy.
Main article: Health effects of 3D. University Press of Kentucky — via Google Books. Handbook to the industrial department of the International exhibition, April 10, — via Google Books.
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Retrieved A look at Disney and Pixar's 3D movie technology. Downloaded Retrieved April 4, ESO Press Release. Titanic 3D.
Originally released in 2D in ; first and as of , only winner of Academy Award for Best Picture to be converted to 3D.
Marvel's The Avengers. Katariveera Surasundarangi. Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted. June 22, . Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter. The Amazing Spider-Man.
Katy Perry: Part of Me. Ice Age: Continental Drift. Nitro Circus: The Movie. Tad, the Lost Explorer. Finding Nemo . Resident Evil: Retribution.
Gladiators of Rome. Silent Hill: Revelation 3D. War of the Worlds: Goliath. Filmed in 2D . Rise of the Guardians.
Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning. The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey. Filmed at 48 fps. Cirque du Soleil: Worlds Away. The Snow Queen.
Flashback Memories 3D. Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons. Escape from Planet Earth. Jack the Giant Slayer.
Oz the Great and Powerful. Black and White opening sequence printed with a 1. Joe: Retaliation. Originally released in 2D in The Great Gatsby.
Star Trek Into Darkness. Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters. One Direction: This Is Us. Space Pirate Captain Harlock.
Battle of the Year. The Wizard of Oz. Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs 2. Metallica: Through the Never. The Young and Prodigious T.
Thor: The Dark World. The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug. Walking with Dinosaurs. The Legend of Hercules. Hype Nation 3D . The Monkey King.
Only in China. Only in most international territories. Captain America: The Winter Soldier. The Amazing Spider-Man 2.
Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return. X-Men: Days of Future Past. Edge of Tomorrow. How to Train Your Dragon 2.
Transformers: Age of Extinction. Scenes shot with IMAX cameras opened up to a 1. Aztec Blood. Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. The House That Never Dies.
Dragon Nest: Warriors' Dawn. Guardians of the Galaxy. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Stand by Me Doraemon. The Book of Life. Maya the Bee.
The Hunger Games: Mockingjay — Part 1. Penguins of Madagascar. Asterix: The Mansions of the Gods. The Crossing.
Exodus: Gods and Kings. Gone with the Bullets. The Taking of Tiger Mountain. From Vegas to Macau II. The Divergent Series: Insurgent.
Only in selected international territories. Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection 'F'. Avengers: Age of Ultron. Northern Limit Line. Monk Comes Down the Mountain.
Dear, Don't Be Afraid. The Strange House . The Little Prince. Un Gallo con Muchos Huevos. Capture the Flag. Blinky Bill: The Movie.
Maze Runner: The Scorch Trials. Hotel Transylvania 2. Chronicles of the Ghostly Tribe. Mune: Guardian of the Moon. Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension.
Where's the Dragon? The Hunger Games: Mockingjay — Part 2. In the Heart of the Sea. Mojin: The Lost Legend.
Star Wars: The Force Awakens. El Americano: The Movie. The Finest Hours. The Divergent Series: Allegiant. Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.
Robinson Crusoe. The Jungle Book. The Huntsman: Winter's War. Captain America: Civil War. The Angry Birds Movie. Alice Through the Looking Glass.
Independence Day: Resurgence. The Legend of Tarzan. The Secret Life of Pets. Ice Age: Collision Course. Pete's Dragon. Kubo and the Two Strings.
Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children. D: Legend of Ravaging Dynasties. Doctor Strange. Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk.
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them. Assassin's Creed. Underworld: Blood Wars. Resident Evil: The Final Chapter.
The Lego Batman Movie. Beauty and the Beast. Ghost in the Shell. Smurfs: The Lost Village. The Fate of the Furious.
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. King Arthur: Legend of the Sword. Wonder Woman. Transformers: The Last Knight.
Spider-Man: Homecoming. War for the Planet of the Apes. Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets. Once Upon a Time.
The Nut Job 2: Nutty by Nature. Legend of the Naga Pearls. Terminator 2: Judgment Day. Kingsman: The Golden Circle. The Lego Ninjago Movie.
The Foreigner. Star Wars: The Last Jedi. The Thousand Faces of Dunjia. Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle. The Treasure.
Maze Runner: The Death Cure. A Wrinkle in Time.